Jane R. Schwebke, Christina A. Muzny, William E.
Bacterial vaginosis BV is one of the leading causes of vaginal complaints among women of childbearing age. The role of Gardnerella vaginalis remains controversial due to its presence in healthy and BV-type vaginal microflora. The phenotypic and genotypic heterogeneity of G.
Bacterial vaginosis BV is caused by an overgrowth of anaerobic bacteria in your vagina along with an organism called Gardnerella vaginalis. Small amounts of these anaerobic bacteria and Gardnerella can normally be found in your vagina. BV is more common in women with multiple sexual partners and may develop after sexual intercourse with a new partner.
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy. In order to find the vaginal prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis in a normal female population, we determined the incidence of G. Two-hundred and thirty-nine healthy women were the subjects of this study. Vaginal discharge was collected and bacteriological studies were performed.
The vaginal microbiota can impact the susceptibility of women to bacterial vaginosis BV and sexually transmitted infections STIs. BV is characterized by depletion of Lactobacillus spp. BV is associated with an increased risk of acquiring STIs such as chlamydia and gonorrhea.
Bacterial vaginosis is the most common cause of abnormal vaginal odor and discharge. It is caused by a change in the type of bacteria found in the vagina. Normally, bacteria belonging mostly to the Lactobacillus family live harmlessly in the vagina and produce chemicals that keep the vagina mildly acidic.
Bacterial vaginosis BV is a dysbiosis of the vaginal flora characterized by a shift from a Lactobacillus -dominant environment to a polymicrobial mixture including Actinobacteria and Gram-negative bacilli. BV is a common vaginal condition in women and is associated with increased risk of sexually transmitted infection and adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth. Gardnerella vaginalis is one of the most frequently isolated bacterial species in BV.
The reason for an increase in the number of G. Hence, the objective of the present study was to compare the biotypes and virulence factors of G. Methods : High vaginal swabs collected from women of reproductive age were cultured.